The notion of the Internet of Things (IoT) was initially presented in 1999 and has been evolving for more than 20 years. We already come into contact with a variety of IoT items in our everyday lives, such as smart home appliances, smart door locks, and so on. These are more advanced applications of IoT technology. With the arrival of the 5G, the Internet of Things is evolving even faster. This article is going to talk about top THREE IoT sectors from standpoint of application scenarios.
Internet of Medical Things (IoMT)
Internet of Medical Things are the fastest-growing segment in IoT market. IoMT is a network that connects Internet-connected medical equipment and wearables, hardware infrastructure, and software applications in order to link healthcare information technologies. Bluetooth is the most popular communication protocol for cheap cost, low-power consumption, and strong interoperability. All BLE data is transferred to the cloud platforms via Bluetooth gateways.
The adoption of Internet of Things technology in the medical area has substantially enhanced medical staff job efficiency and provided various benefits to patients. According to the usage scenarios, the IoMT may be separated into two directions based on usage scenarios: smart hospitals to improve hospital efficiency and remote patient monitoring to provide out-of-hospital diagnosis and treatment.
IoMT application scenarios in smart hospitals are diverse, primarily to interact, transmit, analyze, and exchange information of various people or objects relevant to medical treatment operations.
Baby Anti-Theft System
IoT-based anti-baby stealing system
By wearing the RFID tag on both the infant and the mother at the same time, the IoT-based anti-baby stealing system will receive the RFID tag signal in real time. When an aberrant event arises, the IoT system will automatically alert the organization via visuals, text, sound, and light.
Medical Equipment Managament
The Internet of Things can track medical equipment in real time, monitor its trajectory at all times, allowing operators to visualize the location of medical equipment.
Patient Vital Sign Monitoring
Patients of critically sick and postoperative ones, need a lengthy period of uninterrupted monitoring, which will consume a huge labor cost. IoT allow vital sign data from hospitalized patients to be transmitted to the Internet viaIoT gateways, to decrease the workload of medical personnel.
Home Health Monitoring
Home health monitoring using IoT technology to monitor and collect health data from patients at home and transmitting these information to medical institutions’ cloud platforms. Doctors can monitor chronic illnesses and engage in disease management as needed.
Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT)
Industrial IoT (IIoT) is predicted to have the highest market share in the future. The IIoT connects devices, sensors, and networks together. Thousands of factories and production machines deliver unprecedented amounts of data to private and public cloud infrastructures via Industrial IoT gateways, allowing the manufacturing industry to shift its focus to digital transformation in order to increase productivity and quality, reduce downtime, and assist in supply chain management.
OT focuses on yield metrics, uptime, real-time data collection and response, and system security, while IT is concerned with security, grouping, data delivery, and services. Their integration enables firms to monitor and respond to changing situations in real time. Typical IIoT uses cases including:
BLE AoA technology are widely used for monitoring the utilizationand tracking the position of industrial equipment, machines, and tools. This allows manufacturing companies to better optimize the usage and maintenance plan of their equipment to boost production efficiency.
Production Line Optimization
IoT sensors can collect data of temperature, pressure, speed, etc., on the manufacturing line, in order to monitor the performance of the production line, as well as to modify the manufacturing process, resulting in increased production efficiency.
By monitoring the health of equipment and machinery, the equipment’s probable failure signals may be discovered and rectified early on, preventing production stoppage and higher repair costs.
Logistics and Supply Chain Management
The IoT may track items in supply chains and logistics, allowing for real-time monitoring and visualization. Manufacturing organizations can then better understand the movement of commodities, plan ahead of time for production and delivery.
IoT sensors may monitor temperature, humidity, gas concentration, and so on in the workplace and deliver real-time alerts and notifications to protect workers’ safety and health. Air quality, noise, and vibration may all be monitored to verify that environmental regulations are met.
Internet of Agricultural Things (IoAT)
Farmers may enhance the efficiency of their farming operations and raise the production thanks to the advancement of IoT and analytics technologies. A significant number of sensor nodes and gadgets collect data on farmed areas, allowing farmers to more accurately control anything from crop cultivation to animal keeping. Smart sensors may function automatically 24 hours, eliminating the need for human intervention, saving farmer expenses, offering a comprehensive picture of the farm, and emphasizing actionable information.
Furthermore, precision agricultural solutions may notify farmers about the characteristics they need to know about soil, moisture, water levels, and other critical indications so that they can take remedial action before small issues negatively influence profitability. Typical IoAT use cases including:
Farmers may make data-driven decisions for precision irrigation and utilize water more effectively by assessing soil moisture with IoT sensors, avoiding under- and over-irrigation.
Temperature and Humidity Monitoring
IoT technology contributes to maintaining a steady temperature and maintaining quality for crops requiring particular storage conditions. Smart temperature and humidity monitors can be used for remotely monitoring and adjusting to avoid crop deterioration and lost earnings.
IoT-enabled livestock monitoring allows farmers to get a complete picture of their livestock’s health and performance, allowing for preemptive intervention and increased output.
The Internet of Things improves company efficiency and productivity, helps smart cities enhance traffic control and minimize traffic congestion, helps nursing staff continually monitor patient health information via wearable technology, and helps smart homes remotely access and control…
We have to say we’re living in the era of IoT. With the 5G injecting new vitality into the Internet of Things, the IoT is becoming an integral part of the smart future.